Underactive thyroid symptoms, in simple English, means having an underactive thyroid. This term can also be called hypothyroidism, or Hashimoto thyroiditis. Both of these conditions are explained in further detail below.
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck. This gland produces thyroxine (T4) triiodothyronine (T3). These two hormones are important because they are responsible for regulating a number of metabolism functions. In cases where the thyroid gland does not produce enough of these hormones the result is a condition known as hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism is one health condition which is not easily diagnosed in the United States. This is because some of the symptoms of this disease are also symptoms of other diseases. Apart from the fact that this medical condition is not usually diagnosed, underactive thyroid symptoms are similar to the symptoms of other medical conditions. This makes medical experts diagnose the wrong ailment sometimes and this adds to the challenges faced by patients of hypothyroidism.
Some symptoms of hypothyroidism are lethargy, panic attacks, depression, muscle weakness, weight gain and hair loss. Other symptom may include mania, constipation, cramps, sensitivity to heat and cold and migraines. These symptoms are common to both men and women but the truth is that women are more likely to develop hypothyroidism than men. Again, older ladies are more likely to have underactive thyroid symptoms than younger ladies. This implies that one risk factor of this medical condition in women is age.
Other possible risk factors with Underactive Thyroid Symptoms include genetics. Studies have shown that hypothyroidism in women can be inherited. This medical condition can also be caused by factors like high iodine intake, selenium deficiency, infectious diseases and tobacco smoke. In some extreme cases, this condition may lead to an enlargement of the thyroid. This known as goiter and it happens when the production of the thyroid hormones are very low. This medical condition is also common in people who have chromosomal disorders. People who have Down’s syndrome, Turner syndrome and Klinefelter syndrome are also more likely to develop hypothyroidism than people who do not have any of these syndromes.
Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can result from low thyroid levels. This condition is also called chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. It is an autoimmune disease and its symptoms are similar to those of hypothyroidism. It is important to get thyroid diseases diagnosed properly and treated early so that this condition will not lead to serious complications. The best treatment options for hypothyroidism are diet and the right medication.
Hypothyroidism can be treated by thyroid replacement drugs and thyroid replacement agents. Some of these agents include desiccated thyroid extract and levothyroxine. These drugs can be taken just once a day. It is important for patients on this medication to have their TSH levels monitored by a medical expert while they are undergoing treatment. This will ensure that the thyroid hormone levels do not get too high or too low.
It is also possible to treat thyroid symptoms in women with the right hypothyroidism diet. Medical experts have established a connection between hypothyroidism and gluten in the diet. For this reason, the first step is to place the patient on a gluten-free diet. Proper use of vitamin therapy can correct hypothyroidism in most cases. Vitamins B2, B6, B12 and zinc are great at improving thyroid function. Vitamins A, C and E are also beneficial in boosting thyroid levels. Patients who want to treat hypothyroidism with diet need to eat the right quantities of eggs, seafood and dairy products because these are great sources of the required vitamins.
Other great tips include using iodized salt, cooking with olive oil and eating whole grain bread. It also makes a lot of sense to avoid vegetables like kale, broccoli, cabbage, soybeans and turnips in the diet, or at least learn to process them so their effects aren’t as dramatic.
Finally, the patient with underactive thyroid symptoms should switch to purified water. Tap water contains high levels of fluoride and this is bad news for people who want to cure hypothyroidism.